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Introduction of Biochemistry

Biochemistry is a branch of science that delves into the intricate molecular processes occurring within living organisms. It explores the chemistry of life, unraveling the mechanism underlying biological functions and cellular processes. Biochemists study the molecules and chemical reactions that drive essential life processes offering insights into areas such as genetics, metabolism & drug development.

  1. Molecular Genetics:
    • Examination of DNA structure, replication, and repair.
    • Study of gene expression and regulation at the molecular level.
    • Genetic engineering techniques for biotechnology and medical applications.
  2. Enzyme Kinetics and Catalysis:
    • analysis of enzyme structure and function.
    • Investigation of enzyme kinetics, substrate binding, and catalytic mechanisms.
    • The role of enzymes in metabolic pathways and drug design.
  3. Metabolism and Metabolic Pathways:
    • Exploration of metabolic processes, including glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation.
    • Regulation of metabolism and energy homeostasis.
    • Metabolism-related diseases and therapeutic intervention.
  4. Protein Structure and Function:
    • Understanding protein folding and three-dimensional structures.
    • Protein-ligand interactions and their implications in drug discovery.
    • Enzyme-substrate interactions and catalytic mechanisms.
  5. Biochemical Signaling and Cell Communication:
    • Signaling pathways involved in cell communication and regulation.
    • Hormones, neurotransmitters, and their molecular mechanisms of action.
    • Implications of biochemical signaling in disease and drug development.

Biochemistry plays a pivotal role in advancing our understanding of life at the molecular level, offering valuable insights into  mechanisms of health and disease. These subtopics reflect the diverse areas of research and application within the field, showcasing its relevance in biology, medicine, & biotechnology.


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